If you are someone who pops your pimples then you may also be left with the reminder of why you should never pick your spots. If you have dark skin it is common to see post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation (PIHP) after you've popped an aggressive spot and for some it can be a real bother to look at.
PIHP doesn't only occur as a result of messing with your acne, it can be caused after a result of trauma, inflammation caused by rashes or burns and can be worsened by over exposure to the sun.
When the trauma occurs to the skin, it goes through the process of healing. Sometimes during this stage there is an over-production of melanin which is why a dark mark is left.
The good news is that post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation can fade with the correct management.
So how can you manage hyperpigmentation?
Don't pop your spots. We know it's hard, but it will keep happening if you don't stop. If you have a pimple problem try using ingredients such as salicylic acid, benzoyl peroxide, tea tree or sulfur. Maintain your skin routine and keep a spot treatment in your bag to use throughout the day.
Exfoliate your skin 2-3 times a week. Exfoliation causes the dead skin of the stratum corneum to shed away which triggers skin cell renewal, promoting the growth of healthy clear skin. You can look at using chemical exfoliants such as mandelic acid (great for both acne and hyperpigmentation) or salicylic acid.
Include ingredients known as tyrosinase inhibitors in your routine. Tyrosinase is a catalyst that controls the chemical reaction that produces melanin. A tyrosinase inhibitor will prevent this reaction from occurring. These are ingredients such as Azelaic Acid, Kojic Acic, Tranexamic Acid, Niacinamide, Liquorice Extract or Arbutin.
Using Hyaluronic Acid to repair the skins tissue will help fade the dark spots.
Absolutely everybody should be wearing SPF. The UV rays from the sun can stimulate the melanin production in your pigmented areas and cause it to over-produce. By wearing SPF 30 (minimum) you are protecting your routine and blocking the sun from worsening your pigmentation.
As well as maintaining your skin at home, you should also see a skincare specialist and that's where Smize & Glow steps in. There are a number of facials that we offer in which will help fade your pigmented areas.
Chemical Peel - Causes remodelling of the skin through chemoexfoliation. It liquifies the bonds that hold dead skin cells on the stratum corneum, allowing them to shed away and revealing healthier skin.
Dermaplaning - Using a medical grade blade, the outermost layer of the skin is removed along with vellus hairs that may cause clogging of the pores. This form of exfoliation triggers skin cell renewal, giving your skin a glow.
Microdermabrasion - A diamond tip glides across the skin to exfoliate. This also reveals the healthier skin and fades those dark spots.
Enzymatic Boost Peel - Using enzymes to break down the dead skin and a skin boost that contains AHA/BHA and epidermal growth factors, as well as exfoliation, this facial encourages the production of healthier skin cells.
All facials require a course to see the maximum benefits.
You don't have to cover your PIHP with makeup, with dedication and a skincare specialist, those dark spots that have been bothering you can fade away! We'll be happy to help.